Old Maps Collection
Map of Tartaria or the kingdom of the great Cham
Tartariae sive magni Chami regni tӱpus
Ortelius, Abraham, 1527-1598, author
Cónegos Regrantes de Santo Agostinho. Mosteiro de São Vicente de Fora (Lisboa), former owner
Abraham Ortelius published in 1570 in Antwerp the reputed first modern atlas 'Theatrum Orbis Terrarum'. It contains originally 53 maps later updated continuously by Ortelius in 'Additamenti' until his death in 1598. By 1612 the atlas had already 31 editions in many languages. This map depicts Tartary, Japan, and the west coast of North America and just like many others of Ortelius' maps, it was innovative for its time. It is one of the earliest map to include the Strait of Anian, which separates North America and Asia. Today the Bering Strait, Anian derives from Ania, a Chinese province on a large gulf mentioned in Marco Polo’s travels which was in fact the Gulf of Tonkin -somehow transposed over time from Vietnam to the northwest coast of North America. It appeared on maps until mid 18th century. On the map can be seen quite a number of legends, even though the information is mostly imaginary. But they also reveal some of Ortelius' sources, Prester John, Marco Polo, and the Bible, always an important source for European mapmakers. The map also includes a remarkable early treatment of the Northwest Coast of America, with California.
Original map is from the atlas 'Theatrum Orbis Terrarum' from Abraham Ortelius copperplate printed in 1584 and hand colored. The atlas has 53 maps. It belonged to the Livraria do Mosteiro de S. Vicente de Fora.
On Tartary are depicted seven Tartar yurt tents, two of them with kings seated on thrones at the entrance of the tents. There are two European sail ships on water and a sea monster.
Title inside strapwork cartouche on the upper right corner of the map sided by phytomorphic motives. Legend inside strapwork cartouche on the left bottom corner of the map sided by Adam and Eve, headed by two birds a fleur-de-lis.
The upper, right and left borders of the map labelled with North, East and West in Latin Septentrio (Septentriones), Oriens and Occidens respectively.
Map with graticule.
Land masses in different colors.
Relief is shown pictorially.
Map inside yellow scroll work border.
Title, scale, privilege and land and water masses in Latin with place names in Portuguese, Spanish and Italian.
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum
Ortelius, Abraham, 1527-1598
Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal
Provenance Call No.:
C.A. 148 V.