Old Maps Collection
Island of Amoy
[Ile d'] Amoy
Thornton, John, 1641-1708, cartographer
JPEG 2000, 7312 × 9464, 135.6MB
Physical Map Dimension (cm):
78 x 60 cm, on sheet 83 x 68 cm
This chart represents Xiamen, also known as Amoy from Hokkien pronunciation, beside the Taiwan Strait. The Portuguese first reached Xiamen in 1541 but it was The British East India Company traded extensively with the port, constructing a factory there in 1678, marked on the map as 'English Fictory'. The trade and continued until the imposition of the Canton System, however, despite restricting Western trade to the port of Guangzhou, the Spanish were still allowed to trade in Xiamen. Nonetheless, they rarely used this privilege as Chinese traders would ship their goods from Xiamen to Manila and vice versa, which was more profitable for both sides. The chart displays quite a number of soundings and tidal heights for entering the bay and approaching the port.
Original is a manuscript watercolor chart on parchment, 78 x 60 cm.
Title from provenance library.
There is a 32-point compass rose with a fleur-de-lis indicating north, colored red, blue, yellow, green and magenta. The rhumb lines for the principal winds are black, half-winds in green and quarter-winds in red.
Scale line in miles in yellow, red and blue interchangeably.
Latitude line on the right border of the map in blue.
Relief shown pictorially and bathymetric relief by soundings.
Toponyms on land in black and on water in red.
Landmasses outlined in yellow, blue, green and magenta with islands colored in the same colors.
Map in yellow border.
Foncin, M. Catalogue des cartes nautiques sur vélin conservées au Département des cartes et plans, p. 296
Pflederer, R. Census of Portolan Charts & Atlases: as reported and listed by the noted scholars of the genre in their works ranging from 1897 to 2008, p. 68
Xiamen Region (Fujian Sheng, China)
Bibliothèque Nationale de France
Provenance Call No.:
GE SH 18 PF 179 DIV 15 P 5 RES