Old Maps Collection
Die Chinesische Küste der Provinz Kuang-tung, zu beiden Seiten des Meridians von Macao
The Chinese coast of Guangdong province, on either side of the Macao meridian
Pic von Lantao
Harlems Bay, &c., &c.
Herzberg, H., fl. 18--, cartographer
Justus Perthes (Firm : Gotha, Germany), publisher
JPEG 2000, 15499 x 10391, 224.2MB
Physical Map Dimension (cm):
51 x 77 cm, on sheet 62 x 88 cm
This is a rare and striking large-scale early 19th century chart of the mouth of the Pearl River focusing on the region around Macao and Hong Kong. The map includes lengthy annotations on the Chart's sources and on the topography of Macao, Canton and the Pearl River area. The main map has Macao as its prime meridian and the longitude is extended to both sides. The geography of the Pearl River Mouth coastline and surrounding islands are drawn in great detail and it is given great importance to the coastal islands and routes. There are large text descriptions. On west side bank of the Pearl River Estuary is marked 'Insel Macao' which is actually Xiangshan County and the Macao Peninsula; its northwestern sea surface is marked with 'Breite Weg' (lit. Wide Way), which is the waterway from Macao to Guangzhou in the early days. In the surrounding area, there are the islands Typa (Taipa Island), Apomi, Ko-ho (Apowei, Jiuao, or Coloane), Hengqin, Wanchai, etc. On the lower center there is also a detailed inset with the Harlem & Bias Bays to the North of Mirs Bay. Hong Kong is well detailed and named, as is Lantau and Lamma. Ty-tam Bai is also identified. The lower right hand areas are filled with well-detailed profile views to facilitate navigation and orientation.
Inset 1: Macao. - Scale 1:20,000. - 21 x 20 cm. -- Inset 2: Tiger insel. - 7 x 9 cm. -- Inset 3: Bocca Tigris. - 7 x 9 cm. -- Inset 4: Pic von Lantao. - 7 x 9 cm. -- Inset 5: Macao. - 9 x 19 cm. -- Inset 6: Camoens grotte. - 9 x 9 cm. -- Inset 7: Harlems Bay, &c., &c. - Scale 1:460,000. - 9 x 12 cm.
Original is a lithograph, 66 x 98 cm, published in Berghaus' Atlas von Asia.
The map is illustrated with views of Macao, Humen, Lantao, the Camões Grotto and the Tiger Island. There are also 17 side views of the islands, coastlines, and shores of the Pearl River area for navigational aid.
A 32-point compass rose behind the inset 1 with a fleur-de-lis indicating north; rhumb lines of half winds in dotted lines. On inset 7 an 4-point compass rose with an arrow indicating north.
Relief shown by hachures and land forms. Bathymetric relief by soundings.
The four borders of the map with latitude and longitude lines in black and white interchangeably.
Main map with graticule.
Map outlined in triple fillet and inset in double fillet.
Macao and its surroundings.
City plans of Macao.
Pearl River Estuary (China)
Atlas von Asia
Berghaus, Heinrich Karl Wilhelm, 1797-1884
Bibliothèque Nationale de France
Provenance Call No.:
GE CC-863 (16)