Old Maps Collection
A very new description of the peaceful sea, commonly called South Sea with the regions lying around it, and its islands, scattered everywhere.
Maris Pacifici, (quod vulgò Mar del Zur) cum regionibus circumiacentibus, insulisq́ue in eodem passim sparsis, novissima descriptio
Map of the Pacific Ocean
Mare Pacificum sive del Zur
Ortelius, Abraham, 1527-1598, author
Plantijnsche Drukkerij, printer
Rockox, Nicolaas, 1560-1640, dedicatee
JPEG 7818 × 5552, 57.2MB
[ca. 1:40,000,000] (E 113°08ʹ00ʺ--W 51°29ʹ00ʺ/N 46°39ʹ00ʺ--S 57°26ʹ00ʺ).
Physical Map Dimension (cm):
35 x 50 cm, on sheet 57 x 86 cm
Abraham Ortelius published in 1570 in Antwerp the reputed first modern atlas 'Theatrum Orbis Terrarum'. It contains originally 53 maps later updated continuously by Ortelius in 'Additamenti'. In 1584, the atlas collected Luís Jorge de Barbuda Portuguese cartographer also known as Ludovicus Georgius- new map of China. Six years later, 1590, Ortelius added this map of the Pacific Ocean in his 'Additamentum IV Theatri Orbis Terrarum', it became the first printed map ever devoted to the Pacific Ocean. This fourth Additamentum is formed by 22 maps with text on reverse, without pagination, engraved since the 1587 edition of the 'Theatrum Orbis Terrarum', arranged in alphabetical order. As the volume was meant to compliment this earlier edition, not many copies were printed, authors estimate only 100 were printed, of which 50 could be traced. Of these new 22 maps, 8 are modern and 14 are maps for the 'Parergon' -Ortelius's atlas of the ancient world. The ancient maps include the 'Wanderings of Abraham', surrounded by 22 roundel scenes; the world as known by the ancients; and a two-sheet map of ancient Britain. The modern maps include, 2 of the most popular maps by Ortelius, the superb 'Maris Pacifici', the first map of the Pacific Ocean, and 'Islandia', Iceland. On this Pacific Ocean map is marked the Strait of Magellan, on the bottom right of which depicts Victoria Carrack, the only sailboat that returned successfully to Spain from 1519-1522 Magellan voyage around the world. This map combines the Europeans new knowledge about the Pacific, showing the dense islands on western Pacific Ocean. However errors appear on the map as the shortened distance between the north and south of the Pacific Ocean, resulting in the long and narrow shape of Ocean in east west direction. Japanese archipelago is too close to the North American continent -for it was drawn influenced by a 1568 description of it in a manuscript by Fernão Vaz Dourado, rather than a map- and it was mistakenly supposed that there was a huge piece of land near the South Pole. The Great Wall in northern China was marked with the length on the map. Provinces like Shandong -'Xanton' on the map-, Zhejiang -'Cequiem'- and Fujian -'Foquiem'- were also marked. On the Pearl River Estuary appears Guangzhou -'Cantao'. The map doesn't depict Liaodong Peninsula and the Korean Peninsula; the eastern coastline of China was also wrongly drawn as a straight line.
Original map is a hand colored printed map 22 for the 'Additamentum IV Theatri Orbis Terrarum' of 1590, 34 x 49 cm.
Two cartouches on the map. The first on the top right side has the title of the map and the other on the bottom left has the creators.
On the map can be seen 3 vessels. One of them being the Victoria Carrack with canons booming and the visible Spanish flag. The legend under the ship states that it was the first to sail across the world with its captain Magellan. Because of it, it deserves its name 'Victory' for its sails were the wings, the prize was glory and the fight was with the sea.
The map depicts both latitude and longitude. Longitude is seen on the Equator line painted red and blue interchangeably. Tropic of Cancer and Capricorn are in red.
The top and bottom borders of the map are labelled with North and South in Latin Septentrio (Septentiones) and Meridies respectively.
Map outlined in Dash-dot border.
This is an early old map depicting the world.
The text on the two cartouches, the privilege, the seas, the landmasses, the tropics and the legends are in Latin but name places are in Spanish.
Koeman, C. Atlantes Neerlandici, vol. 3, Ort. 25, Ort. 36
Van Den Broecke, M. Cartographica Neerlandica, p. 25
Van Den Broecke, M. Ortelius Atlas Maps, 12
Burden, P.D. The Mapping of North America, 74
Suarez, T. Early Mapping of the Pacific Ocean, The Map Collector, 22, p. 2-9
Wroth, L.C. The Early Cartography of the Pacific, The Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America 38, no. 2, p. 87-268
Van Den Broecke, M. Abraham Ortelius Library Reconstructed, Imago Mundi 66, no. 1, p. 25-50
駛向東方 : 全球地圖中的澳門, 2014 年紀念冊 = Sailing to the East : Global Mapping of Macao, 2014 Yearbook, p. 58-
Additamentum IV Theatri Orbis Terrarum
Ortelius, Abraham, 1527-1598
Harvard College Library
Provenance Call No.:
G9230 1589 .O7