Old Maps Collection
[Carte de la rivière de Canton]
JPEG2000, 6926 x 12404, 15MB
Scale not given
Physical Map Dimension (cm):
102 x 55 cm, on sheet 112 x 66 cm
Very little in known about this manuscript nautical chart of the Pearl River made on the 18th century by an unknown author. It is a chart from the [Portefeuille 179 du Service hydrographique de la Marine consacré à la Chine] of the 'Service hydrographique de la Marine' belonging to the Bibliothèque Nationale de France. On the left upper corner of the map, near Canton, is depicted a building named only 'Temple' which refers to the Hoi Tong Temple -海幢寺-, a buddhist temple from the 10th century. To its left there are 3 numbered towers. The first tower identified as 'Tour de Lion' is the Lotus Pagoda -莲花塔- or Wenchang Pagoda built in 1612, a 8-corner brick-build architecture, 50m high, with 9 floors outside and 11 layers inside. The second one is Pazhou Pagoda -琶洲塔- also known as the Whampoa Pagoda, built in 1600 is an octagonal tower with 9 main sections and 17 sub sections with 59m high. The third and last one is the Chigang Pagoda -赤岗塔- or Red Stone Hill Pagoda. The pagoda built in 1619 is in octagonal shape, it stands 53.7m tall with 9 exterior floor sections and 17 interior levels. This three pagodas built at the mouth of the Pearl River are said to bring good luck to Guangzhou and the surrounding area.
Original is a manuscript watercolor map, 104 x 57 cm.
Title from the provenance library.
Relief is shown pictorially on land and bathymetric relief is given by soundings.
Roughly at the center there is a pencil drawn fleur-de-lis -maybe added later- indicating north.
The coats line and the islands are outlined in color.
Macao and its surroundings.
China -- Maps
Pearl River Estuary (China)
Guangzhou Shi (China)
Bibliothèque Nationale de France
Provenance Call No.:
GE SH 18 PF 179 DIV 9 P 5