Old Maps Collection
Dutch nautical chart of the 18th century, including the coasts of Annam, Tonkin, China, Hainan Island and part of Luzon
[Carte marine hollandaise du XVIIIe siècle, comprenant les côtes de l'Annam, du Tonkin, de la Chine , l'île Haïnan et partie de Luçon]
Saffroy, Amand, 1844-1905, former owner
JPEG 2000, 15623 x 12908, 34MB
Scale not given.
Physical Map Dimension (cm):
78 x 96 cm, on sheet 82 x 112 cm
This navigational chart was clearly made from a map of the same region by Joan Blaeu in 1668. It depicts the Gulf of Tonkin with the island of Hainan, the South China Sea to the Philippines in the East with the Luzon island visible on the right edge of the map, and Taiwan still named 'Formosa' up north. Are also present the northern part of the Paracel Islands with the inset Prussian Bank on its northeast side -here with the Dutch denomination 'Pruijnsens drooghten'. The chart is obviously made for navigational purposes as toponyms are scarce but quite a number of soundings are given, specially closer to the coast lines. On China and Hainan Island can be seen a concentration of notes with instructions for pilots and overall information about the place and what can be found in each place. On the Pearl river can be seen a Macao Island with a Macao city marked on it.
Original is a colored manuscript map in parchment, 78 x 95 cm.
Title from provenance library.
There is a 32-point compass rose on the map with a fleur-de-lis indicating north and a feather on the east side, colored green and red. The rhumb lines for the principal winds are black, half-winds are green and quarter-winds are red.
Scale lien on the upper left corner of the map in red, green and white interchangeably.
Relief shown pictorially and bathymetric relief by soundings.
Latitude line roughly in the middle of the map in red, blue and white interchangeably.
Landmasses outlined in green, yellow and magenta.
Line for the Tropic of Cancer in red.
Place names on land are written in black and on water in red.
Macao in Asia maps.
Macao in East Indies maps.
Macao and its surroundings.
Destombes, M. Cartes hollandaises : la cartographie de la Compagnie des Indes Orientales, 1593-1743, n.º 262, p.
Foncin, M. Catalogue des cartes nautiques sur vélin conservées au Département des cartes et plans, n.º 108, p.
Pflederer, R. Census of Portolan Charts & Atlases: as reported and listed by the noted scholars of the genre in their works ranging from 1897 to 2008, p. 47
China -- Maps
South China Sea
Hainan Sheng (China)
Bibliothèque Nationale de France
Provenance Call No.:
GE B-215 (RES)