Old Maps Collection
Title page with the arms of Catherine de Medici
Hec est universi orbis ad hanc usq[ue] diem cogniti
This is the chart of the world known till today, which I Lopo Homem, cosmographer, comparing many other charts both old and more modern, delineated with great industry and diligent work in the illustrious city of Lisbon, in the year of Our Lord 1519 by command of Manuel, glorious King of Portugal.
Lopo Homem-Reineis Atlas
Homem, Lopo, fl. 1517-1565, cartographer
Destombes, Marcel, 1905-1983, former owner
JPEG 2000, 14656 × 10606, 23MB
Scale not given.
Physical Map Dimension (cm):
42 x 30 cm, on sheet 52 x 69 cm
This map is from an Atlas known as Atlas Miller or Lopo Homem-Reineis Atlas. It was a joint work of cartographers Lopo Homem, Pedro Reinel and Jorge Reinel, and illustrated by Flemish miniaturist António de Holanda. It is considered one of the most beautiful Renaissance cartographic documents from Portugal. According to some authors the Atlas formed by 6 sheets is missing a 7th sheet which probably included a map of Africa. The 5 sheets with the maps were sold by Jacques Charavey -a Paris bookseller- to Portuguese viscount of Santarém that later sold them to Emmanuel Clement Miller, hence the name Miller Atlas. In 1897 Millers widow sold it to the Bibliothèque Nationale de France. The mapamundi sheet was later found in an auction in London in 1930 with the no. 91 in a catalog of Sotheby & Co. The buyer -Marcel Destombes- with the help of experts, concluded in 1939 that belonged to the Miller Atlas and in 1976 donated it to Bibliothèque Nationale de France. The title page bears a later inscription -probably after 1559- with the arms of Catherine de Medici, queen of France. It is thought to have been an offering from King Manuel I of Portugal to Francis I of France. However many authors agree that it had a political ground for it secretly denies the idea that the actual circumnavigation of the globe was possible and it was made to hinder Magellan’s voyage under the Spanish King. The crowned coat of arms is colored red, blue and gold with a knotted rope, with three knots on each side, surrounding it. The heraldic device has a later addition to the work and is obviously made by another hand.
Original is a manuscript vellum Atlas with 6 sheets with both recto and verso, 42 x 59 cm.
The title appears inside a gold cartouche with a scroll on the back, that appears at each side.
Landmasses colored green with islands colored red and blue and waterbodies also blue.
Cortesão, A. Portugaliae Monumenta Cartographica, vol. 1. p. 55-61
Foncin, M. Catalogue des cartes nautiques sur vélin conservées au Département des cartes et plans, 23
La Mappemonde Lopo Homem et L'atlas Miller, The Geographical Journal, vol. 94, no. 6, p. 485-492
Miró, M. Atlas Miller, p. -
龚缨晏. 《米勒之地图集》之谜, 地图, 02期
Marques, A.P. Os Descobrimentos e o 'Atlas Miller
Denucé, J. Les origines de la cartographie portugaise et les cartes des Reinel
Coat of arms
[Sheet 1 verso]
[Atlas nautique du Monde, dit Atlas Miller]
Homem, Lopo, fl. 1517-1565
Bibliothèque Nationale de France
Provenance Call No.:
GE D-26179 (RES)