Old Maps Collection
Lopo Homem-Reineis Atlas
Homem, Lopo, fl. 1517-1565, cartographer
Reinel, Jorge, ca. 1502-ca. 1572, cartographer
Reinel, Pedro, ca. 1464-ca. 1542, cartographer
António de Holanda, 1480?-1556, illustrator
Destombes, Marcel, 1905-1983, former owner
JPEG 2000, 14656 × 10608, 23MB
Scale not given.
Physical Map Dimension (cm):
42 x 60 cm, on sheet 47 x 68 cm
This map is from an Atlas known as Atlas Miller or Lopo Homem-Reineis Atlas. It was a joint work of cartographers Lopo Homem, Pedro Reinel and Jorge Reinel, and illustrated by Flemish miniaturist António de Holanda. It is considered one of the most beautiful Renaissance cartographic documents from Portugal. According to some authors the Atlas formed by 6 sheets is missing a 7th sheet which probably included a map of Africa. The five sheets with the maps were sold by Jacques Charavey -a Paris bookseller- to Portuguese viscount of Santarém that later sold them to Emmanuel Clement Miller, hence the name Miller Atlas. In 1897 Millers widow sold it to the Bibliothèque Nationale de France. The mapamundi sheet was later found in an auction in London in 1930 with the no. 91 in a catalog of Sotheby & Co. The buyer -Marcel Destombes- with the help of experts, concluded in 1939 that belonged to the Miller Atlas and in 1976 donated it to Bibliothèque Nationale de France. The title page bears a later inscription -probably after 1559- with the arms of Catherine de Medici, queen of France. It is thought to have been an offering from King Manuel I of Portugal to Francis I of France. However many authors agree that it had a political ground for it secretly denies the idea that the actual circumnavigation of the globe was possible and it was made to hinder Magellan’s voyage under the Spanish King. The world is represented rather crude and seeming for from a beginner than an accomplished cartographer. The great continental masses on the map completely surround it, denning the idea of the circumnavigation, where we can see some ships sailing around the big ocean that is trapped in-between the land.
Original is a manuscript vellum Atlas with 6 sheets with both recto and verso, 42 x 59 cm.
Title from provenance library.
The map is outlined in gold with four banderoles, one on each border. On the four corners of the map there are wind-heads blowing representing the winds and a depiction of the moon in grey on the left side and the sun in gold on the right side.
Relief shown pictorially.
Landmasses colored green with islands colored red and blue and waterbodies also blue.
Map is outlined in gold border.
Cortesão, A. Portugaliae Monumenta Cartographica, vol. 1. p. 55-61
Foncin, M. Catalogue des cartes nautiques sur vélin conservées au Département des cartes et plans, 23
La Mappemonde Lopo Homem et L'atlas Miller, The Geographical Journal, vol. 94, no. 6, p. 485-492
Miró, M. Atlas Miller, p. -
龚缨晏. 《米勒之地图集》之谜, 地图, 02期
Marques, A.P. Os Descobrimentos e o 'Atlas Miller
Denucé, J. Les origines de la cartographie portugaise et les cartes des Reinel
World -- Maps
[Sheet 1 reto]
[Atlas nautique du Monde, dit Atlas Miller]
Homem, Lopo, fl. 1517-1565
Bibliothèque Nationale de France
Provenance Call No.:
GE D-26179 (RES)