Old Maps Collection
Gulf of Tonkin
[Golfe du Tonkin]
Blaeu, Joan, 1596-1673, cartographer
JPEG 2000, 12096 x 9440, 23MB
Scale not given.
Physical Map Dimension (cm):
76 x 98 cm, on sheet 80 x 102 cm
oan Blaeu succeeded his father, in 1638, as a Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie (VOC) mapmaker and achieved great profit from this office. His principal interest was his major cartographic works on Asia. This chart represents the South China Sea bound on the east by the islands of Taiwan and Philippines, on the west by Vietnam and north by China, the Hainan Island is also represented. The purpose of the chart was clearly navigational aid and so quite a number of soundings are given. As is already known most of the sources for maps made under the VOC were Portuguese and this chart is no exception as it is easily noticeable for a lot of the place names still figure in Portuguese with only a few translated to Dutch.
Original is a manuscript chart in parchment, 78 x 100 cm.
Title from provenance library.
There is a 32-point compass rose on the map with a fleur-de-lis indicating north and a cross on east point, colored blue, red, green, yellow and magenta. The rhumb lines for the principal winds are in black, for the half-winds in green and for the quarter-winds in red.
The coast lines of continents and bigger islands are outlined in yellow, green and magenta and smaller islands are painted with the same colors.
Double scale line, one in red and blue interchangeably and the other in magenta and green.
Latitude line in the middle of the chart in yellow, blue and magenta interchangeably.
Toponyms on water in red and on land in black.
Relief shown pictorially and bathymetric relief by soundings.
Macao in China maps.
Macao and its surroundings.
Foncin, M. Catalogue des cartes nautiques sur vélin conservées au Département des cartes et plans, p. 296
Pflederer, R.L. Census of Portolan Charts & Atlases: as reported and listed by the noted scholars of the genre in their works ranging from 1897 to 2008, p. 68
Destombes, M. Catalogue des cartes nautiques manuscrites sur parchemin: 1300-1700, n.o 83
Schilder et Kok 2010, p. 586-8 [n° 16.03]
China -- Maps
Hainan Sheng (China)
Bibliothèque Nationale de France
Provenance Call No.:
GE SH 18 PF 179 DIV 3 P 2 RES